Do you need money to buy a car, a house, or do you just want to pay your tuition fees? You may simply need a consumer loan. Consumers commonly request it for different purposes. It is also available to small businesses for inventory, working capital, expansion, and equipment purposes.

The available options are vast. Therefore, it is important to find out the type that will suit you. In this article, we will discuss the basic things you need to know about consumer loans. We will also show you how to access them.

What Are Consumer Loans?

They refer to funds that are given to consumers to finance a specific expenditure. Simply put, they are any kind of funds that creditors give to borrowers. There are different categories of these loans known as forbrukslån in Norwegian. They are usually grouped into – unsecured or secured.

Differences Between Unsecured and Secured Loans

The secured option requires the borrower to present collateral to the creditor. If he or she fails to make payments after the loan tenure, the creditor will fall back on the collateral to get back their money. It is common for people to use their vehicles and homes as collateral, which is typical with car loans and mortgages.

Unsecured loans, on the other hand, do not require borrowers to pledge their assets as collateral. However, they usually come with very high interest rates since the creditor takes a lot of risk by giving out the funds. This high interest rate encourages the borrower to make payments. Also, the creditor will earn a good profit from the deal.

Types of Consumer Loan

Each loan has different interest rates and terms. It is also used for specific purposes. The common types are:

  1. Personal loan
  2. Student loan
  3. Credit card 
  4. Car loan Mortgages

Personal Loan

This is the commonest type because almost every bank or credit institution offers it. You can use it for any purpose, whether you want funds to cater to your personal needs or to fund your business. You just need a good or fair credit score to qualify for this loan.

Furthermore, you can get as much as you want, and the repayment plan varies based on who you are borrowing from and the amount. But it ranges between 1 to 12 months. However, if you want quick money, you can access a payday consumer loan, which is short-term. You can repay it between 2 to 4 weeks, but the interest rate may be higher than the normal personal loan.

Also, you can get a loan for a car under the personal loan. However, you need to use the vehicle as your collateral. It is ideal for people with low credit scores because when you offer collateral, it increases the probability of getting the loan. You can check out to learn more about personal loans.

Student Loan

You may already be familiar with this type because it forms a part of college orientation. Students are taught that it is essential for college, but it should not be their last option simply because it is easy to get. You do not want to find yourself wallowing in debt.

While some private institutions provide student loans, you can also get them from government institutions. The government provides unsubsidized and subsidized options. You can use the unsubsidized option for any purpose while you must prove that you are in need before you can access the subsidized option.

The major difference between both options is that the unsubsidized option accrues interest throughout the duration of your schooling while the subsidized option does not. The good thing about student loans is that you can continue repaying them for several years. Hence, there is less pressure, and you can focus on your studies.

Credit Card

If you already have a credit card, then you should be familiar with credit card loans. They are revolving debts, which means that you can continue to borrow money if you pay it back. You can apply for them at a credit institution or bank. Some institutions make provision for online applications, and you can get an instant rejection or approval.

When applying, you need to exercise some level of self-control to avoid abusing it because the way you use your credit card determines your credit score. Therefore, you need to pay back as fast as possible. Ensure you clear off the entire debt. This will make your future creditors regard you as a person who is financially responsible.

Car and Mortgage Loans

Consumer Loan - Overview, Types, and Categories

This is another great way of getting consumer loans. Car and mortgage loans are secure loans, but they are more beneficial compared to other types of loans. This is because you are getting assets with the funds.

Mortgages allow you to purchase properties. If you wish to purchase a house and you do not have the funds, you can get a mortgage. When borrowing from the bank, they will use the house as collateral.

Consequently, car loans work like mortgages. The creditor uses the car as collateral. For both types, the repayment period can last between 5 to 10 years. However, you can extend it to avoid repaying under pressure.

Tips for Finding a Suitable Loan

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With the number of banks available, you may become confused about which offer to choose. The following tips will help you find a suitable loan:

1. Assess Your Current Finances

Irrespective of why you want the money, you need to look at your current financial situation. This will help you come up with a realistic budget of the amount you can repay every month after the funds are approved. 

2. Get a Broker

Banks may start bombarding you with offers but going through them one after the other is time-consuming. To skip the hassles, consider finding a broker that will help you search for a suitable loan. They will also handle the entire application process and ensure that banks compete for your attention. 

Some brokers offer free services while others don’t. You can read this article to get tips for finding a mortgage broker or bank loan officer.

3. Merge Loans

Instead of taking loans for different purposes, you can merge them into a single, big loan that will be easy to pay back. Combining your loans often results in a reduced interest rate. This will help to make your financial journey simple.

4. Provide Accurate and Complete Information

If you want your funds to be approved as soon as possible, you need to provide accurate and complete information when applying. Banks are willing to lend to you, but they can’t accept any level of risk. They need to be sure that your details are accurate and in order.

5. Assess the Offers

Before booking a hotel or buying anything, you probably compare prices online. This same logic applies to collecting loans. Ensure you compare the bank fees, interest rate, and monthly costs that suit you.


Consumer loans are easy to access. They can either be secure or unsecure, but you need to know which one suits your needs. We discussed the types of consumer loans and tips to help you get one.