The rupture of global negotiations brokered by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development could cause EU member states such as France, as well as the United Kingdom, to move forward with their own levies designed to capture more taxes from tech companies. The United States has vowed to respond with new tariffs if that happens.
A new trade spat between Europe and the United States would only heap more pain on a global economy that is already enuring the worst peacetime recession since the 1930s. The OECD has called on the countries to return to the negotiating table.
“A trade war, especially at this point in time, where the world economy is going through a historical downturn, would hurt the economy, jobs and confidence even further,” Angel Gurria, the group’s secretary general, said in a statement on Thursday. “A multilateral solution … is clearly the best way forward.”
Talks at the OECD collapsed into acrimony earlier this week after US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin sent a letter to his European counterparts. According to a statement from the US Treasury on Wednesday, Mnuchin requested a “pause” in negotiations so countries could focus on their responses to the coronavirus.
“Either the United States reconsider their opposition and an agreement is reached by the end of 2020,” Le Maire threatened, or France will move ahead with a 3% tax on revenue that bigger tech companies generate from their digital businesses in the country.
Paolo Gentiloni, the EU commissioner for the economy, said in a statement on Thursday that the the bloc “regrets” the US decision and hopes it will be a “temporary setback rather than a definitive stop.”
Gentiloni warned that while the European Commission “wants a global solution to bring corporate taxation into the 21st century,” it would also move forward with its own proposals on digital taxes at an EU level.
According to Lighthizer, Mnuchin had concluded that talks at the OECD “were making no headway” and “that rather than have them go off on their own he would just say we’re no longer involved in the negotiations.”
The United States launched investigations earlier this month into digital services taxes already in place or being considered in Austria, Brazil, the Czech Republic, the European Union, India, Indonesia, Italy, Spain, Turkey and Britain.
On Thursday, Le Maire questioned whether the US was treating its partners fairly.
“It is … a provocation to the allies of the United States,” he added. “What is this way of treating the allies of the United States, including the British, the Spanish, the Italians, and us the French, by systematically threatening us with sanctions?” he said during the radio interview.
— Chris Liakos and Benjamin Berteau contributed to this report.